Food security remains a huge challenge for the millions of Africans dependent on agriculture for their subsistence. A low-level agricultural productivity and a high percentage of poor and undernourished people are common in Africa, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Sweetpotato, Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. (Family Convolvulaceae), is among the most important food crops in the world and an extremely important food crop for subsistence farmers in SSA. It is grown throughout the African continent and currently around 34.5% of global sweetpotato area is in Africa. SSA produces approximately 7 million tons of sweetpotato annually, only about 5% of global production. One major limitation in sweetpotato production is cultivar decline, mostly due to the cumulative effect of virus infection on this vegetatively propagated crop. Thus, viral diseases are considered a major limiting factor in sweetpotato production worldwide, and particularly in SSA. However, there is a widespread lack of basic information and understanding of virus populations throughout Africa, even though such basic information is required to manage the spread and impact of these viral diseases. This project will focus on evaluating a novel approach, deep sequencing and assembly of small RNAs from field-grown sweetpotato samples collected throughout Africa, to systematically and efficiently identify virus genome. Preliminary result from the surveys performed in Ghana and Mozambique are presented. In West-Africa the survey is expanded to include Cassava, Banana, Yams and Potato.
Authors: Dina Gutierrez, Martine Zandjanakou-Tachin, Steffen Schulz, Segundo Fuentes, , Douglas Miano, Joseph Ndunguru, Settumba Mukassa, Elizabeth Ngadze, Martin Chiona, Britta Kowalski, Zhangjun Fei, Shan Gao, Joseph Lamptey, Ted Carey, Jan Kreuze, Dina Gutierrez, Martine Zandjanakou-Tachin, Steffen Schulz, Segundo Fuentes, , Douglas Miano, Joseph Ndunguru, Settumba Mukassa, Elizabeth Ngadze, Martin Chiona, Britta Kowalski, Zhangjun Fei, Shan Gao, Joseph Lamptey, Ted Carey, Jan Kreuze
Contributors: Segundo Fuentes, Segundo Fuentes
Publication Date: 2012
Keywords: Seed systems, Sweetpotato, Sweetpotato viruses, virome, virus genome, Virus testing
HOW TO CITE
Gutierrez, Dina, Martine Tachin, Steffen Schulz, Douglas Miano, Joseph Ndunguru, Settumba Mukassa, Elizabeth Ngadze et al. "Determining the pan-African sweetpotato virome: Understanding virus diversity, distribution and evolution and their impacts on sweetpotato production in Africa." (2012).