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Development of End-User Preferred Sweetpotato Varieties

The objective of this study was to develop end-user preferred sweetpotato varieties using a diallel mating scheme and to estimate the level of heterosis and heterobeltiosis.  using a diallel mating scheme and to estimate the level of heterosis and heterobeltiosis among F1 hybrids obtained from a diallel between low sugar sweetpotato genotypes.

 

Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam) is the fourth most important root and tuber crop in Ghana, in terms of production. Attainment of increased sweetpotato utilization has become an important breeding objective in Ghana recently. The major emphasis in breeding is on the development of farmer/consumer preferred varieties. This study aimed at developing farmer/consumer preferred sweetpotato cultivars for increased utilization in Ghana and beyond. One hundred and fifteen sweetpotato accessions were collected and evaluated at two ecozones in the major and minor cropping seasons in 2011 to identify low sugar parents for hybridization. Two released varieties and eight breeding lines were selected and used as parents. Genetic variability was significant for all the traits studied. Sufficient useful genetic variation was present in the materials studied and was exploited to provide for substantial amount of improvement through selection of superior genotypes. Negative heterosis was observed for sugar content and this is very important for breeding because Ghanaians prefer non-sweet varieties. Fifteen percent of the F1 hybrids of Histarch and Ogyefo were non-sweet. These will meet the staple food needs of Ghanaians. Eight hybrids were identified as potential non-sweet varieties for further testing multilocation on-farm for release.

 

 

Authors: Ernest Baafi, Joe Manu-Aduening, Vernon Gracen, Kwadwo Ofori, Ted Carey, Essie T. Blay, Ernest Baafi, Joe Manu-Aduening, Vernon Gracen, Kwadwo Ofori, Ted Carey, Essie T. Blay

Subjects: End-User Preferred Sweetpotato Varieties

Pages: 17

Publisher: Canadian Center of Science and Education

Publication Date: January 15, 2016

Identifier: ISSN 1916-9752

Keywords: diallel design, end-user, heterosis, non-sweet, Sweetpotato

HOW TO CITE

Baafi, Ernest, Joe Manu-Aduening, Vernon E. Gracen, Kwadwo Ofori, Edward E. Carey, and Essie T. Blay. "Development of End-User Preferred Sweetpotato Varieties." Journal of Agricultural Science 8, no. 2 (2016): 57.