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Identification of quantitative trait loci for dry-matter, starch, and b-carotene content in sweetpotato

Development of orange-fleshed sweetpotatoes (OFSP) is desired for the improvement of the food supply and nutritional status of millions of people in developing countries, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, sweetpotato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] breeding is challenging due to its genetic complexity, and marker-assisted breeding tools are needed to facilitate crop improvement. We identified quantitative trait loci (QTL) for dry-matter, starch, and b-carotene content in a hexaploid sweetpotato mapping population derived from a cross between Tanzania, a white-fleshed, high dry-matter African landrace, and Beauregard, an orange-fleshed, low dry-matter sweetpotato cultivar popular in the USA. Two parental maps were constructed using a population of 240 clones. Strong correlations were observed between starch and dry-matter content (r[0.8, P\0.0001) in the storage roots, while moderate correlations (r = –0.6, P\0.0001) were observed for b-carotene and starch content. In both parental maps, QTL analysis revealed the presence of 13 QTL for storage root dry-matter content, 12 QTL for starch content, and 8 QTL for b-carotene content. Multiple QTL regression models developed for segregation of alleles in each parent explained 15–24% of the variation in dry-matter content, 17–30% of the starch content, and 17–35% of b-carotene content. To the best of our knowledge, this research presents the only QTL mapping study published to date for dry-matter, starch, and b-carotene content in sweetpotato. This work improves our understanding of the inheritance of these important traits in sweetpotato, and represents a first step toward the long-term goal of developing marker-assisted breeding tools to facilitate sweetpotato breeding efforts. 

Authors: J. C. Cervantes-Flores, B. Sosinski, Kenneth V. Pecota, Robert Mwanga, G. L. Catignani, Van Den Truong, R. H. Watkins, M. R. Ulmer, Craig Yencho, J. C. Cervantes-Flores, B. Sosinski, Kenneth V. Pecota, Robert Mwanga, G. L. Catignani, Van Den Truong, R. H. Watkins, M. R. Ulmer, Craig Yencho

Contributors: Shiphar Mulumba, Shiphar Mulumba

Subjects: Breeding

Pages: 16

Publisher: Molecular Breeding

Publication Date: 2010

Keywords: Ipomoea batatas, marker assisted breeding, Molecular mapping, Molecular marker, Polyploid mapping, QTL, Sweetpotato, Sweetpotato breeding, Vitamin A

HOW TO CITE

Cervantes-Flores, J. C., Byron Sosinski, K. V. Pecota, R. O. M. Mwanga, G. L. Catignani, Van-Den Truong, R. H. Watkins, M. R. Ulmer, and G. Craig Yencho. "Identification of quantitative trait loci for dry-matter, starch, and β-carotene content in sweetpotato." Molecular Breeding 28, no. 2 (2011): 201-216.