Poverty and food insecurity are widespread and major causes of chronic undernutrition in Mozambique. Almost 70 % of the population live in abject poverty and ¾ of these people reside inruralareas.Agricultureisthepredominanteconomicactivity in rural Mozambique. Sweetpotato, particularly orange-fleshed (OFSP) types has the potential to reduce malnutrition in the form of vitamin A deficiency and food insecurity. Currently, about 23% of the sweetpotato produced in Mozambique is OFSP. Nineteen drought tolerant OFSP varieties were released since 2011. Ten OFSP varieties are winning the race of wide acceptance, production and utilization among smallholder farmers. Dominant varieties from 2011 releases include Irene, Sumaia, Delvia, Namanga, Bela and Gloria, while Alisha, Victoria and Ivone lead the race from the 2016 releases. An emerging group of purple-fleshed is coming up, with Bita and Caelanprovidingthesweetnessonecangetfromsweetpotato. The general attribute among all the varieties is their ability to give high storage root yields under both drought and good rainfall seasons. They are also ‘dry’ OFSP due to their high dry mattercontent,atraitdrivingadoptioninMozambique.