This presentation highlights the fact that sweetpotato is rapidly being recognized for food security in Burkina Faso, where it is a staple crop in rural areas and a cash crop within urban centres. Despite its significance, production in Burkina Faso is low compared to other food crops. This low productivity is linked to biotic and abiotic factors. Among varieties grown is the white fleshed SP and are poor in β-carotene. Development of high β-carotene SP is essential for access within communities. The presentation proposes rural appraisal participation approach, breeding and subsequent β-carotene analysis. Through this approach the major expectation is release of new varieties rich in β-carotene.